药学学报, 1992, 27(4): 287-293
引用本文:
朱甘培. 海州香薷与石香薷的栽培品江香薷挥发油的气相色谱—质谱分析比较[J]. 药学学报, 1992, 27(4): 287-293.
GP Zhu. COMPARISON OF CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM ELSHOLTZIA SPLENDENS AND CULTIVATED MOSLA CHINENSIS BY GC-MS ANALYSIS[J]. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica, 1992, 27(4): 287-293.

海州香薷与石香薷的栽培品江香薷挥发油的气相色谱—质谱分析比较
朱甘培
北京中医学院中药系,北京100029
摘要:
采用石英毛细管气相色谱—质谱—计算机联用法,比较了海州香蕉(Elsholtzia splendens Nakai ex F.Maekawa)与石香蕉的栽培品江香薷(Mosla chinensis Maxim.)药材挥发油中的化学成分,初步鉴定了93个组分中的68个化合物。自海州香薷挥发油中分离并鉴定了以香薷酮(elsholtzia ketone)(80.81%)、反式-石竹烯(trans-caryophyllene)(2.14%)、葎草烯(humulene)(1.45%)、芳樟醇(linalool)(0.72%)等为主的43个成分,占挥发油总量的%.61%。自石香薷的栽培品江香薷挥发油中分离并鉴定了以香荆芥酚(carvacrol)(51.11%)、百里香酚(thymol)(22.00%)、对-聚伞花素(p-cymene)(5.58%)、γ-松油烯(γ-terpinene)(2.57%)等为主的50个成分,占挥发油总量的93.91%。
关键词:   
COMPARISON OF CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM ELSHOLTZIA SPLENDENS AND CULTIVATED MOSLA CHINENSIS BY GC-MS ANALYSIS
GP Zhu
Abstract:
Xiangru(Labiatae)is a well-known drug used in Chinese traditionalmedicine. Chemical constituents of essential oils from Elsholtzia splendens and cultivated Mosla chinensis were compared by GC-MS/DS combination on SE-54 capillary column(30 m ×0.32 mm ). Forty-three components were identified in Elsholtzia splendens Nakaiex F. Maekawa. The total content of the components in the essential oil was found to be90.61%. Among them the major constituents are elsholtzia ketone (80.81% ). Fifty com-ponents were identified in cultivated Mosla chinensis, with a total content of 93.91% in theessential oil. The major constituents are carvacrol (51.11%), thymol(22.00%), and etc.
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