药学学报, 2016, 51(10): 1629-1637
引用本文:
张琴, 曾凡琳, 张东方, 谢彩香, 陈士林. 基于最大熵模型的三七生态适宜区及生态特征[J]. 药学学报, 2016, 51(10): 1629-1637.
ZHANG Qin, ZENG Fan-lin, ZHANG Dong-fang, XIE Cai-xiang, CHEN Shi-lin. Ecology suitability regions and ecological characteristics of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen based on maximum entropy model[J]. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica, 2016, 51(10): 1629-1637.

基于最大熵模型的三七生态适宜区及生态特征
张琴1, 曾凡琳1, 张东方1,2, 谢彩香1, 陈士林3
1. 中国医学科学院、北京协和医学院药用植物研究所, 北京 100193;
2. 江苏师范大学, 江苏 徐州 221116;
3. 中国中医科学院中药研究所, 北京 100700
摘要:
研究三七的生态适宜性区划及其生态特征,为三七人工引种栽培和区域发展提供参考。通过检索全球生物多样性信息网、中国数字植物标本馆和相关文献收集全国67个三七分布点,利用最大信息熵模型(MaxEnt)和GIS技术对三七进行适宜性区划。MaxEnt预测结果表明,三七可能的生态适宜区分布在云南、广西、广东、贵州、海南、四川、福建和重庆。生态相似度最高区域(大于60%)主要位于云南、广西、广东和贵州部分地区,面积约为89 571.3 km2;生态相似度次高区域(40%~60%)主要分布在云南、广西、广东、贵州、海南和四川省,面积约为155 172 km2;生态相似度为20%~40%的区域面积约为329 952.8 km2,主要分布在云南、广西、广东、贵州、海南、四川、福建和重庆。影响三七地理分布的主要生态因子为最暖季降水量、气温的季节性、海拔、等温性、降水的季节性、月均温范围、最干月降水量、土壤体积密度和土壤质地。
关键词:    三七      最大信息熵模型      GIS技术      生态适宜性      生态因子     
Ecology suitability regions and ecological characteristics of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen based on maximum entropy model
ZHANG Qin1, ZENG Fan-lin1, ZHANG Dong-fang1,2, XIE Cai-xiang1, CHEN Shi-lin3
1. Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100193, China;
2. Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China;
3. Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
Abstract:
The ecology suitability and ecological characteristics of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen were studied to provide a reference for its artificial introduction and cultivation. The maximum entropy model (MaxEnt) and geographic information system (GIS) were used to investigate the global ecology suitability regions for Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen based on its 67 distribution points collected from global biodiversity information facility (GBIF), Chinese virtual herbarium (CVH) and the related references. The results showed that the possible ecological suitable regions of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen were located in Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Fujian and Chongqing provinces. The areas with ecological similarity higher than 60% were about 89 571.3 square kilometers in total, mainly distributing in Yu nnan and Guangxi provinces and small portion was located in Guangdong and Guizhou provinces. The areas with ecological similarity between 40% and 60% were about 155 172 square kilometers, mainly in Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan provinces. The distribution areas were about 329 952.8 square
Key words:    Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen    maximum entropy model    geographic information system    ecological suitability    ecological factor   
收稿日期: 2016-02-29
DOI: 10.16438/j.0513-4870.2016-0148
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(81473304,81130069);国家十二五科技支撑课题资助项目(2015BAI05B01);吉林省科技成果转化计划资助项目(20130305047YY);国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2011BAI07B08);重大新药创制国家科技重大专项(2014ZX09304307001).
通讯作者: 谢彩香, 陈士林
Email: slchen@icmm.ac.cn;caixiangxie@163.com
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