药学学报, 2018, 53(9): 1493-1503
引用本文:
陈晓梅, 田丽霞, 单婷婷, 孙乐, 郭顺星. 铁皮石斛种质资源和遗传育种研究进展[J]. 药学学报, 2018, 53(9): 1493-1503.
CHEN Xiao-mei, TIAN Li-xia, SHAN Ting-ting, SUN Le, GUO Shun-xing. Advances in germplasm resources and genetics and breeding of Dendrobium officinale[J]. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica, 2018, 53(9): 1493-1503.

铁皮石斛种质资源和遗传育种研究进展
陈晓梅, 田丽霞, 单婷婷, 孙乐, 郭顺星
中国医学科学院、北京协和医学院药用植物研究所, 北京 100193
摘要:
铁皮石斛是一种兰科石斛属药用植物,其干燥茎为名贵中药铁皮石斛,具有益胃生津、滋阴清热的功效。铁皮石斛自然资源濒临枯竭,依赖人工种植生产药材,目前种植面积已经超过10万亩,年产量万吨以上。优良品种是保障中药品质的前提,种质资源是选育优良品种的基础。本文归纳了现有主要铁皮石斛品种的特点,对铁皮石斛种质资源和遗传育种的研究进展进行了综述,期望能够为这两个方面的深入研究提供科学依据。
关键词:    铁皮石斛      种质资源      遗传育种      品种     
Advances in germplasm resources and genetics and breeding of Dendrobium officinale
CHEN Xiao-mei, TIAN Li-xia, SHAN Ting-ting, SUN Le, GUO Shun-xing
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China
Abstract:
Dendrobium officinale is a member of the family Orchidaceae. The dried stem of D. officinale is used as a valuable traditional Chinese medicine, known as Dendrobii Officamlis Caulis (called TiepiShihu in Chinese). According to Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Dendrobii Officamlis Caulis has effects of tonifying stomach, promoting fluid, nourishing Yin and clearing heat. At present, the planting area of D. officinale is over 100 000 Mu (over 6 670 hm2) and the annual output of its fresh stem is in excess of 10 000 tons. Good variety is the guarantee of herbal medicine's quality, while germplasm resource is the base for breeding excellent variety. In this paper, we summed the characteristics of present main varieties of D. officinale and reviewed the progress on germplasm resources and genetics and breeding of the plant, in order to provide a scientific basis for the further research.
Key words:    Dendrobium officinale    germplasm resources    genetics and breeding    variety   
收稿日期: 2018-04-02
DOI: 10.16438/j.0513-4870.2018-0286
基金项目: 中国医学科学院医学与健康科技创新工程项目(2017-I2M-03-013);国家自然科学基金资助项目(81573526).
通讯作者: 陈晓梅,Tel:86-10-57833241,E-mail:cxm_implad@163.com;郭顺星,Tel:86-10-57833231,E-mail:sxguo1986@163.com
Email: cxm_implad@163.com;sxguo1986@163.com
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