药学学报, 1999, 34(12): 928-932
引用本文:
郭继芬;钟大放;陈笑艳. 液相色谱 质谱联用法鉴定9种皮质激素药物[J]. 药学学报, 1999, 34(12): 928-932.
Guo Jifen; Zhong Dafang and Chen Xiaoyan . IDENTIFICATION OF NINE CORTICOSTEROIDS WITH HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY[J]. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica, 1999, 34(12): 928-932.

液相色谱 质谱联用法鉴定9种皮质激素药物
郭继芬;钟大放;陈笑艳
沈阳药科大学药物代谢与药物动力学实验室,沈阳110015
摘要:
目的:建立皮质激素的液相色谱质谱分析方法,为限制药物滥用提供检测手段。方法:采用RP-HPLC-UV-MS联用法,同时对9 种皮质激素进行色谱分离及质谱鉴定,利用质谱解析软件研究了该类化合物的质谱裂解规律,并应用本法鉴定了药物制剂、送检物及尿样中的皮质激素。结果:在正离子检测方式下,9 种皮质激素的质谱断裂方式存在共性,即对于含有氟的分子,二级质谱优先脱去HF;含有醋酸酯的分子,二级质谱易产生脱CH3COOH的特征碎片离子。每种化合物的检测限约为6 ng。结论:本法可用于皮质激素的体外、体内定性分析。
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IDENTIFICATION OF NINE CORTICOSTEROIDS WITH HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY
Guo Jifen; Zhong Dafang and Chen Xiaoyan
Abstract:
AIM: To develop a specific, sensitive and rapid LC/MSn assay for corticosteroids, and provide a detection method for restricting abuse of these drugs. METHODS: Reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography/UV/electrospray ion trap mass spectrometry was used to separate and identify nine corticosteroids, including dexamethasone acetate, prednisone acetate, prednisolone, hydrocortisone, cortisone acetate, hydrocortisone acetate, 17α hydroxydeoxycorticosterone acetate, fluocinonide acetate and triamcinolone acetonide acetate, which were selected as model compounds because of their clinical interest. The UV detection wavelength was fixed at 240 nm. The mobile phase composed of acetonitrile and ammonium acetate buffer (pH 3.5) and was carried out in gradient mode. The mass spectrometer (Finnigan LCQ) was operated in the positive mode and in three scan modes including full scan MS, selected ion monitoring and full scan MS2. The obtained mass spectra were analyzed with assistance of the software Mass Frontier 1.0 for their fragmentation passways. RESULTS: Nine corticosteroids were identified simultaneously by LC/MS n and the identification was not affected by excipients and matrix. The full scan MS2 spectra of the compounds containing fluorine atom or acetate group gave characteristic fragment ions of losing hydrogen fluoride [M+H-20]+ and acetic acid [M+H-60]+, respectively. This method was successfully applied to identify corticosteroids contained in drug formulations, urine and specimen doubted illegally mixing corticosteroids, with a detection limit of 6 ng for each corticosteroid. CONCLUSION: These chromatographic and mass spectrometric characteristics can be used for qualitative analysis of corticosteroids in vivo or in vitro, and provide potential application to study the metabolism and pharmacokinetics of corticosteroids.
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