Wenxin Song, Danyuan Li, Lei Tao, Qi Luo, Ligong Chen. Solute carrier transporters: the metabolic gatekeepers of immune cells[J]. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B, 2020, 10(1): 61-78

Solute carrier transporters: the metabolic gatekeepers of immune cells
Wenxin Songa,b, Danyuan Lia,b, Lei Taoa,b,c, Qi Luoa,b, Ligong Chena,b,c
a School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry and Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
b Advanced Innovation Center for Human Brain Protection, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100088, China;
c Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
Solute carrier (SLC) transporters meditate many essential physiological functions, including nutrient uptake, ion influx/efflux, and waste disposal. In its protective role against tumors and infections, the mammalian immune system coordinates complex signals to support the proliferation, differentiation, and effector function of individual cell subsets. Recent research in this area has yielded surprising findings on the roles of solute carrier transporters, which were discovered to regulate lymphocyte signaling and control their differentiation, function, and fate by modulating diverse metabolic pathways and balanced levels of different metabolites. In this review, we present current information mainly on glucose transporters, amino-acid transporters, and metal ion transporters, which are critically important for mediating immune cell homeostasis in many different pathological conditions.
Key words:    Solute carrier    Lymphocytes    Glucose    Glutamine    Metal ion   
Received: 2019-07-02     Revised: 2019-09-29
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsb.2019.12.006
Funds: This research was supported by Nation Science and Technology Major Projects for Major New Drugs Innovation and Development (2018ZX09711003-004-002 to Ligong Chen, China), Ministry of Science and Technology of China National Key R&D Programs (2018YFA0506903 to Ligong Chen), National Natural Science Foundation of China grants (91857108 to Ligong Chen), Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program (20161080086 to Ligong Chen, China).
Corresponding author: Ligong Chen
Author description:
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Wenxin Song
Danyuan Li
Lei Tao
Qi Luo
Ligong Chen

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