Reviews
Jian Lu, Xuyang Shang, Weiguo Zhong, Yuan Xu, Rong Shi, Xin Wang. New insights of CYP1A in endogenous metabolism: a focus on single nucleotide polymorphisms and diseases[J]. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B, 2020, 10(1): 91-104

New insights of CYP1A in endogenous metabolism: a focus on single nucleotide polymorphisms and diseases
Jian Lua,b, Xuyang Shanga,b, Weiguo Zhonga, Yuan Xub, Rong Shic, Xin Wanga,b
a Changning Maternity and Infant Health Hospital, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200051, China;
b Shanghai Key Laboratory of Regulatory Biology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences and School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
c Department of Pharmacology, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China
Abstract:
Cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A), one of the major CYP subfamily in humans, not only metabolizes xenobiotics including clinical drugs and pollutants in the environment, but also mediates the biotransformation of important endogenous substances. In particular, some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for CYP1A genes may affect the metabolic ability of endogenous substances, leading to some physiological or pathological changes in humans. This review first summarizes the metabolism of endogenous substances by CYP1A, and then introduces the research progress of CYP1A SNPs, especially the research related to human diseases. Finally, the relationship between SNPs and diseases is discussed. In addition, potential animal models for CYP1A gene editing are summarized. In conclusion, CYP1A plays an important role in maintaining the health in the body.
Key words:    CYP1A    Endogenous substances    Xenobiotics    SNPs    Metabolism and disease   
Received: 2019-06-04     Revised: 2019-10-13
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsb.2019.11.016
Corresponding author: Jian Lu, Xin Wang     Email:usxinwang@gmail.com;xwang@bio.ecnu.edu.cn
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Jian Lu
Xuyang Shang
Weiguo Zhong
Yuan Xu
Rong Shi
Xin Wang

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